Dental Hygiene is important for maintaining healthy gums and overall dental health.
Plaque is a soft, sticky film that builds up on teeth and contains millions of bacteria, some of which are associated with developing gum disease. Plaque that is not removed daily by brushing and flossing between teeth can eventually harden into tartar/calculus.
Tartar (also known as calculus) is yellow in colour and generally can only be removed by either a dentist or dental hygienist using specialist instruments.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of gum tissue.
Signs of gingivitis are
Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a serious gum infection that destroys the soft tissue and bone that support your teeth. The gum separates from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected; as periodontal pockets deepen (space between tooth and gum) more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Eventually, teeth can become loose and can fall out or have to be extracted.